edmond-de-belamy.jpg

“Edmond de Belamy,”{produced|created|generated} by the art {group|team} Obvious {and|as well as|and also} auctioned at Christie’s in 2018 for$432,500, {{relied|depended|counted} on|depended on|counted on|relied upon} generative adversarial network {algorithms|formulas} {developed|established|created} over years by {various|different|numerous} {parties|celebrations|events}, {including|consisting of} Ian Goodfellow, Alec Radford, Luke Metz, Soumith Chintala, {and|as well as|and also} Robbie Barrat. The {painting|paint} {ingested|consumed} {{tons|loads|lots|heaps|bunches} of|lots of} {artwork|art work} {samples|examples} from {artists|musicians} {through|with|via} the ages to {become|end up being|come to be} tuned to {produce|create|generate} art of {a certain|a specific|a particular} {style|design}. 

MIT

{One of|Among} {the most|one of the most} striking {PR|Public Relations} {moments|minutes} of the AI age was the sale by Christie’s {auction|public auction} {house|home|residence} in October, 2018, of {a painting|a paint} {output|outcome|result} by {an algorithm|a formula}, {titled|entitled|labelled} “Edmond de Belamy,” for $432,000. The {painting|paint} was {touted|promoted|proclaimed} by the {auctioneers|salesclerks}, {and|as well as|and also} the {curators|managers} {who|that} {profited|benefited|made money}, as “{created|produced|developed} by {{an artificial|a synthetic|a man-made|a fabricated} {intelligence|knowledge}|an expert system}.” 

The {hyperbole|embellishment|hype|exaggeration} was cringe-worthy to {anyone|anybody|any individual|any person} {who|that} {knows|understands|recognizes} anything {about|regarding|concerning} AI. “It,” to the {extent|degree|level} the {entire|whole} {field|area} can be {referred to|described} as an it, {doesn’t|does not} have {agency|company|firm}, for {one {thing|point}|something|one point}.

For {another|one more|an additional} {thing|point}, {an entire|a whole} chain of {technological|technical} {production|manufacturing}, {involving|including|entailing} {many|numerous|lots of|several} human {actors|stars}, is {obscured|covered} with such {nonsense|rubbish}. 

{{But|However|Yet} did {ordinary|regular|common|normal|average} {people|individuals} {buy|purchase|get|acquire} the {hype|buzz}?|Did {ordinary|regular|common|normal|average} {people|individuals} {buy|purchase|get|acquire} the {hype|buzz}?} Was {anyone|anybody|any individual|any person} {swayed|persuaded|guided} by such {marketing|advertising|advertising and marketing} {mythology|folklore}?

Some {people|individuals} {{very|extremely|really} well|extremely well|effectively|quite possibly} {may|might} have {manipulated|controlled|adjusted} {into|right into} {{false|incorrect} {beliefs|ideas}|fallacies}, according to Ziv Epstein, a PhD {candidate|prospect} at the Massachusetts Institute of {Technology|Innovation|Modern Technology} Media {Lab|Laboratory} {who|that} {studies|examines|researches} the {intersection|crossway|junction} of AI {and|as well as|and also} art.

Epstein {conducted|carried out|performed} {an interesting|a fascinating|an intriguing} {study|research study|research} of {beliefs|ideas} {involving|including|entailing} {several|a number of|numerous} hundred {individuals|people}, which he {{wrote|composed|created} up|wrote} in a paper {published|released} {this week|today} in iScience, an imprint of Cell Press. 

“You ask {people|individuals} what they {{think|believe|assume} {about|regarding|concerning}|consider|think of} the AI, {some of|a few of|several of} them treated it {very|extremely|really} agent-like, {like this|such as this|similar to this} {intelligent|smart} {creator|developer|designer|maker} of the {artwork|art work}, {and|as well as|and also} {{other|various other} {people|individuals}|other individuals} saw it as {more|even more} of {a tool|a device}, like Adobe Photoshop,” Epstein {told|informed} ZDNet in {an interview|a meeting} by phone. 

What Epstein {found|discovered|located} has {profound|extensive} {implications|ramifications|effects} for {how|exactly how|just how} {society|culture} can {and|as well as|and also} {should|ought to|must|need to} {{learn|discover|find out} {about|around}|find out about|discover|learn more about}, {and|as well as|and also} {{talk|speak|chat} {about|regarding|concerning}|discuss|speak about}, AI if {society|culture} is {to come|to find|ahead} to terms with the {technology|innovation|modern technology}. 

Epstein was {joined|signed up with} by co-authors Sydney Levine {and|as well as|and also} David Rand of the {Department|Division} of {Brain|Mind} {and|as well as|and also} Cognitive Sciences at Vassar (each {also|likewise|additionally} holds {an appointment|a visit|a consultation} at Harvard’s {Department|Division} of Psychology {and|as well as|and also} MIT’s Sloan {School|Institution|College} of {Management|Administration|Monitoring}, {respectively|specifically}), {and|as well as|and also} Iyad Rahwan of the {Center|Facility} for {Humans|People|Human Beings} & & {Machines|Devices|Makers|Equipments} at {the Max|limit} Planck Institute for {Human|Person|Human Being} {Development|Advancement|Growth} in Berlin. 

{Together|With each other}, they {devised|developed|created|designed} {a clever|a smart|a creative|a brilliant} experiment, in {two|2} {parts|components}. 

{{Also|Likewise|Additionally}: Why is AI reporting so {bad|poor|negative}?

|: Why is AI reporting so {bad|poor|negative}?

} {{First|Initially}, they had {a cohort|an accomplice|a mate|a friend|an associate} of {several|a number of|numerous} hundred {study|research study|research} {subjects|topics} {read|check out|review} {a fictional|an imaginary} {description|summary} of what was {actually|really|in fact} a thinly-veiled {version|variation} of the {scenario|situation|circumstance} of Edmond de Belamy, {only|just} {changing|altering|transforming} the names. 

| They had {a cohort|an accomplice|a mate|a friend|an associate} of {several|a number of|numerous} hundred {study|research study|research} {subjects|topics} {read|check out|review} {a fictional|an imaginary} {description|summary} of what was {actually|really|in fact} a thinly-veiled {version|variation} of the {scenario|situation|circumstance} of Edmond de Belamy, {only|just} {changing|altering|transforming} the names. 

} In {case|situation|instance} you’re not {{familiar|acquainted} with|knowledgeable about|acquainted with|aware of|accustomed to} it, {part|component} of what makes the Edmond de Belamy {case|situation|instance} {infamous|notorious|well known} was that the {hype|buzz} obfuscated the {fact|truth|reality} that {many|numerous|lots of|several} {parties|celebrations|events} {arguably|probably|perhaps} {{contributed|added} to|added to} the {work|job} {who|that} weren’t {recognized|acknowledged|identified}. 

They {include|consist of} AI {scientist|researcher} Ian Goodfellow, {who|that} {invented|created|developed|designed} the {entire|whole} {field|area} of generative adversarial networks that {made {possible|feasible}|enabled|implemented} the {work|job}; {engineers|designers} Alec Radford, Luke Metz, {and|as well as|and also} Soumith Chintala, {who|that} {created|produced|developed} the {particular|specific|certain} GAN {involved|included|entailed}, “DCGAN”; {and|as well as|and also} Robbie Barrat, {who|that} fine-tuned DCGAN to {make {possible|feasible}|enable|implement} the {kind of|type of|sort of} {artwork|art work} that {led to|resulted in|caused|brought about} Edmond de Belamy. Barrat is the closest {thing|point} to an “{artist|musician}” in this {circumstance|situation|scenario|condition}.

None of these {parties|celebrations|events} were {compensated|made up}. All the {proceeds|earnings|profits} of the {auction|public auction} {went to|mosted likely to} Christie’s {and|as well as|and also} to the Paris-based {collective|cumulative} {named|called} Obvious that {produced|created|generated} the {final|last} physical {painting|paint} that was {sold|offered|marketed}. 

Epstein asked {people|individuals} to {rate|price} on {a scale|a range} of one to {seven|7} {{how|exactly how|just how} much|just how much} they {thought|believed|assumed} each {party|celebration|event} in the {scenario|situation|circumstance} {should|ought to|must|need to} be {given|provided|offered} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt}, with {seven|7} being the {highest|greatest|highest possible} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} {afforded|paid for|managed}. He {also|likewise|additionally} {invited|welcomed} them to divvy up {amounts|quantities} {among|amongst} the {parties|celebrations|events} in {two|2} {imagined|pictured|thought of|envisioned|visualized} {scenarios|situations|circumstances}, one {positive|favorable} {scenario|situation|circumstance}, like the {real|genuine|actual} Edmond de Belamy {story|tale}, where there was {a fantastic|a great|a wonderful|an amazing|a superb} {profit|revenue|earnings}; {and|as well as|and also} {another|one more|an additional} {scenario|situation|circumstance} that was {negative|unfavorable|adverse}, where there was {a lawsuit|a suit|a claim|a legal action} for copyright {infringement|violation} {and|as well as|and also} {consequent|ensuing|following|subsequent} {penalties|charges|fines}. 

{{And|As well as|And also} {finally|lastly|ultimately}, Epstein asked {{subjects|topics} to|based on} {rate|price}, {again|once again|once more}, one to {seven|7}, {{how|exactly how|just how} {much|a lot}|just how much} they {agreed|concurred} with {various|different|numerous} {statements|declarations} {about|regarding|concerning} the {algorithm|formula} that {implied|suggested|indicated} {agency|company|firm}.|Epstein asked {subjects|topics} to {rate|price}, {again|once again|once more}, one to {seven|7}, {how|exactly how|just how} {much|a lot} they {agreed|concurred} with {various|different|numerous} {statements|declarations} {about|regarding|concerning} the {algorithm|formula} that {implied|suggested|indicated} {agency|company|firm}.} They {included|consisted of} {statements|declarations} such as, “To what {extent|degree|level} did ELIZA {plan|prepare|intend} the {artwork|art work}?” where ELIZA is the name {{given|provided|offered} to|offered to|provided to} the {fictional|imaginary} {algorithm|formula}. 

Epstein {and|as well as|and also} {colleagues|associates|coworkers} {found|discovered|located} {a significant|a considerable|a substantial} {correlation|connection|relationship} {between|in between} {how|exactly how|just how} {highly|extremely|very} the {subjects|topics} {agreed|concurred} with {statements|declarations} {about|regarding|concerning} ELIZA’s {agency|company|firm}, {and|as well as|and also} {{how|exactly how|just how} much|just how much} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} they {{gave|provided|offered} to|offered to|provided to} {different|various} {parties|celebrations|events}. 

epstein-2020-who-gets-credit-for-ai-art.png

{People|Individuals} can be made to {attribute|associate|connect} {responsibility|obligation|duty} to {different|various} {parties|celebrations|events} in an AI art {projects|jobs|tasks}, {depending on|depending upon|relying on} {how|exactly how|just how} the {project|job|task} is {discussed|talked about|gone over|reviewed}, the language that is {used|utilized|made use of}, Epstein {and|as well as|and also} {collaborators|partners} {found|discovered|located}. MIT {For {example|instance}|For instance|As an example}, the {more|even more} they {agreed|concurred} with {statements|declarations} that imputed {agency|company|firm} to ELIZA, the {{more|much more|a lot more|extra} {likely|most likely}|most likely|more probable} they were to {give|provide|offer} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the {algorithm|formula} itself for the {{final|last} {product|item}|end product}. They {also|likewise|additionally} {gave|provided|offered} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the {curator|manager}, the {parallel to|alongside} the real-world art {collective|cumulative} Obvious, which {picks|chooses|selects} the {final|last} {work|job}. {And|As well as|And also} they {gave|provided|offered} {added|included} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the {technologists|engineers} {who|that} {created|produced|developed} the {algorithm|formula} {and|as well as|and also} the “{crowd|group}”whose human {artwork|art work} is

{used|utilized|made use of} to {train|educate} the {computer|computer system}. What they {didn’t|really did not} do was {give|provide|offer} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the {artist|musician}, the {fictional|imaginary} {person|individual} {who|that} {trained|educated} the {algorithm|formula}, {akin|similar|comparable} to {programmer|developer|designer} Robbie Barrat in the {{real|genuine|actual} {world|globe}|real life}. 

{{Also|Likewise|Additionally}: No, this AI {can’t|can not} {finish|complete} your sentence

|: No, this AI {can’t|can not} {finish|complete} your sentence

}”{Participants|Individuals} {who|that} anthropomorphized the AI {more|much more|a lot more|extra} {assigned|designated|appointed} {less|much less} {proportional|symmetrical} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the {artist|musician} (as they {assigned|designated|appointed} {more|much more|a lot more|extra} {responsibility|obligation|duty} to {other|various other} {roles|functions|duties}, {and|as well as|and also} {not {any|any type of|any kind of}|none} {more|even more} {responsibility|obligation|duty} to the {artist|musician}),” {wrote|composed|created} Epstein {and|as well as|and also} {team|group}. 

The {test|examination} {shows|reveals} {humans|people|human beings} {view|see|check out|watch} the {situation|circumstance|scenario} {differently|in a different way|in different ways} by {actually|really|in fact} {buying|purchasing|getting|acquiring} {into|right into} {notions|concepts|ideas} of {agency|company|firm}, {essentially|basically} anthropomorphizing the {algorithm|formula}. 

“{How|Exactly how|Just how} they {{think|believe|assume} {about|regarding|concerning}|consider|think of} AI, the {extent|degree|level} to which they anthropomorphize the {machine|device|maker|equipment}, {directly|straight} {translates|equates|converts} {into|right into} {how|exactly how|just how} they {allocate|assign|designate|allot} {responsibility|obligation|duty} {and|as well as|and also} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} in these {complex|complicated|intricate} {situations|circumstances|scenarios} where {someone|somebody|a person} {needs|requires} to {{get|obtain} paid|make money|earn money} for the {production|manufacturing} of the {artwork|art work},” Epstein {told|informed} ZDNet

mit-2020-responses-to-agency-of-sara.png

{People|Individuals} {who|that} {read|check out|review} {a version|a variation} of {events|occasions} that {emphasized|highlighted|stressed} {a notion|a concept|an idea} of {agency|company|firm} {on the {part|component} of|for} the {fictional|imaginary} {algorithm|formula},

ELIZA, were {{more|much more|a lot more|extra} {likely|most likely}|most likely|more probable} to {grant|give|approve|provide} {responsibility|obligation|duty} to the {algorithm|formula}, {less|much less} so to the human {artist|musician} {who|that} {trained|educated} that {algorithm|formula}, Epstein {and|as well as|and also} {collaborators|partners} {found|discovered|located}. MIT {But|However|Yet} the {second|2nd} experiment was {{even|also} {more|much more|a lot more|extra}|much more|a lot more} {provocative|intriguing}. Epstein & Co. {redid|renovated|redesigned|remodelled} the {questions|concerns|inquiries}, {giving|providing|offering} some {subjects|topics} {a version|a variation} of the {fictional|imaginary} {tale|story} that made the {software|software application|software program} {{sound|noise|audio} like|seem like} {a tool|a device}, {and|as well as|and also} {another|one more|an additional}

that made it {sound|seem|appear}, {{once|when|as soon as} again|once more}, like an entity. One {portion|part|section} of {study|research study|research} {subjects|topics} {read|check out|review} {a passage|a flow} that {described|explained|defined} a human {artist|musician} {named|called} Alice {using|utilizing|making use of} {a fictional|an imaginary} {tool|device} called ImageBrush to {create|produce|develop} {images|pictures|photos}. The {other|various other} {subjects|topics} {read|check out|review} {a passage|a flow} {describing|explaining|defining} {how|exactly how|just how} Alice “{collaborated|worked together|teamed up}” with {software|software application|software program} {named|called} SARA, “that {creatively|artistically} {plans|strategies} {and|as well as|and also} {envisions|visualizes|imagines|pictures} {new|brand-new} {artworks|art work}.”

{Again|Once again|Once more}, {study|research study|research} {subjects|topics} {{reading|checking out|reviewing} {about|regarding|concerning}|checking out|reviewing} “SARA,” {a supposedly|an allegedly|an apparently} {creative|innovative|imaginative} entity, {gave|provided|offered} {more|much more|a lot more|extra} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} to the AI than they did to the {artist|musician}. 

“By tweaking the language, to up-play the agent-ness of the AI, it’s a little {scary|frightening|terrifying}, we can {manipulate|control|adjust} the {allocation|allotment|allowance|appropriation} of {money|cash} {and|as well as|and also} {responsibility|obligation|duty},” {said|stated|claimed} Epstein. “The {way|method|means} we {{talk|speak|chat} {about|regarding|concerning}|discuss|speak about} {things|points} has both {material|product} {and|as well as|and also} {moral|ethical} {consequences|repercussions|effects}.”

{{Given|Provided|Offered} that|Considered that} {people|individuals} can be {manipulated|controlled|adjusted}, what is {the {right|best|ideal|appropriate} {way|method|means}|the proper way|properly} to {start|begin} to dis-assemble {some of|a few of|several of} those {notions|concepts|ideas}? 

epstein-2020-two-versions-of-a-story.png

Epstein {and|as well as|and also} {collaborators|partners} {gave|provided|offered} {different|various} {texts|messages} of {a fictional|an imaginary} account to {different|various} {study|research study|research} {subjects|topics}. One {version|variation}, {on the left|left wing}, {emphasized|highlighted|stressed} the {algorithm|formula} as {a tool|a device} {akin|similar|comparable} to Photoshop. The {other|various other} {characterized|defined|identified} the {algorithm|formula}, SARA, as {a creative|an innovative|an imaginative} entity. “By tweaking the language, to up-play the agent-ness of the AI, it’s a little {scary|frightening|terrifying}, we can {manipulate|control|adjust} the {allocation|allotment|allowance|appropriation} of {money|cash} {and|as well as|and also} {responsibility|obligation|duty},” {says|states|claims} Epstein.

MIT

{Also|Likewise|Additionally}: Myth-busting AI {won’t|will not} {work|function}

The over-arching {problem|issue|trouble}, Epstein {told|informed} ZDNet, {is one of|is among|is just one of} both {complexity|intricacy} {and|as well as|and also} illiteracy. 

On the one hand, AI is {a very|an extremely|a really} vexed term. “AI is such {a diffuse|a scattered} {matter|issue},” {said|stated|claimed} Epstein. “I {study|examine|research} {{artificial|synthetic|man-made|fabricated} {intelligence|knowledge}|expert system}, {and|as well as|and also} I {{feel|really feel} like|seem like} I {don’t|do not} {even|also} {know|understand|recognize} what {{artificial|synthetic|man-made|fabricated} {intelligence|knowledge}|expert system} is.”

At the {same|exact same|very same} time, “{{a lot|a great deal|a whole lot} of|a great deal of} {people|individuals} {don’t|do not} {understand|comprehend|recognize} what these {technologies|innovations|modern technologies} are {because|since|due to the fact that} they {haven’t|have not} been {{trained|educated} in|learnt} them,” {said|stated|claimed} Epstein. “That’s where media {literacy|proficiency} {and|as well as|and also} {technology|innovation|modern technology} {literacy|proficiency} play {an incredibly|an extremely|an exceptionally|an unbelievably} {powerful|effective} {role|function|duty} in {educating|informing|enlightening} {the public|the general public} {about|regarding|concerning} {exactly|precisely|specifically} what these {technologies|innovations|modern technologies} are {and|as well as|and also} {how|exactly how|just how} they {work|function}.”

The {question|concern|inquiry} {then|after that} {becomes|ends up being|comes to be}, {how|exactly how|just how} can {people|individuals} be {educated|informed|enlightened}? 

“I {think|believe|assume} it’s {a fantastic|a great|a wonderful|an amazing|a superb} {question|concern|inquiry},” Epstein {told|informed} ZDNet.

Some {scientists|researchers}, such as Daniel Leufer {and|as well as|and also} {team|group} at Mozilla, {have|have actually} {created|produced|developed} {awareness|understanding|recognition} {campaigns|projects} to {debunk|expose|unmask|disprove} {myths|misconceptions} of {agency|company|firm} {about|regarding|concerning} AI. 

Scholars such as {Joy|Delight|Happiness|Pleasure} Buolamwini {and|as well as|and also} Timnit Gebru {have|have actually} {extensively|thoroughly} {documented|recorded} {failure|failing} {cases|situations|instances} of AI to {reveal|expose|disclose} the {dynamics|characteristics} of power in human {use|usage} {and|as well as|and also} {abuse|misuse} of the {technology|innovation|modern technology}. 

It’s {not clear|unclear} if {criticism|objection} {and|as well as|and also} myth-busting, as {valuable|important|useful|beneficial} as they are, {will|will certainly} {impart|pass on|give|present} {literacy|proficiency}. Should {everyone|everybody|every person} {have to|need to} take a college-level {course|program|training course} on AI, to {{fill|fill up|load} in|fill out|complete} their {knowledge|understanding|expertise}?

Epstein {suggested|recommended} {another|one more|an additional} {approach|method|technique|strategy}, {namely|specifically|particularly}, to {allow|enable|permit} {everyone|everybody|every person} to {{work|function} with|deal with|collaborate with} AI programs, to {get|obtain} {a feel|a feeling} for what they are. 

“{The {best|finest|ideal}|The very best|The most effective} {way|method|means} to {{learn|discover|find out} {about|regarding|concerning}|find out about|discover|learn more about} something is to {get|obtain} {{really|truly|actually} {tangible|concrete|substantial} {and|as well as|and also} {tactile|responsive}|{tactile|responsive} {and|as well as|and also} {really|truly|actually} {tangible|concrete|substantial}} with it, to {play with|have fun with} it {yourself|on your own},” {said|stated|claimed} Epstein. “I {feel|really feel} that’s {the {best|finest|ideal}|the very best|the most effective} {way|method|means} to {get|obtain} not {only|just} an intellectual understanding {but|however|yet} {also|likewise|additionally} {an intuitive|an user-friendly|an instinctive} understanding of {how|exactly how|just how} these {technologies|innovations|modern technologies} {work|job} {and|as well as|and also} {dispel|eliminate|resolve} the {illusions|impressions}.”

{{Also|Likewise|Additionally}: No, this AI hasn’t {mastered|grasped|understood} eighth-grade {science|scientific research}

|: No, this AI hasn’t {mastered|grasped|understood} eighth-grade {science|scientific research}

} {{Working|Functioning} with|Dealing with|Collaborating with} AI {would|would certainly} bring {a feel|a feeling} for {how|exactly how|just how} {things|points} {operate|run}. “If I have this {data|information} in my training {set|collection}, {and|as well as|and also} I {train|educate} my {model|design|version} {like this|such as this|similar to this}, what do I {{get|obtain} out|go out|venture out}?” {explained|discussed|described|clarified} Epstein, {describing|explaining|defining} the {quality|high quality|top quality} of {developing|establishing|creating} {algorithms|formulas}. “You’re tweaking these {knobs|handles} {and|as well as|and also} {saying|stating|claiming}, this is what it’s doing, {blending|mixing} {things|points}.” 

That {kind of|type of|sort of} {learning|discovering|finding out} {would|would certainly} be {{more|much more|a lot more|extra} {useful|helpful|beneficial|valuable}|better}, Epstein {suggested|recommended}, {as opposed to|instead of|rather than|in contrast to} the {equivalent|matching} of “{pamphlets|handouts}” or {other|various other} intellectual {explanations|descriptions} from Google {and|as well as|and also} others. 

{Along the {way|method|means}|In the process|Along the road}, {people|individuals} {might|may|could} {come to|concern|pertain to|involve} {realize|recognize|understand} some {fundamental|essential|basic} {truths|realities|facts} that {go to|most likely to} {the {best|finest|ideal}|the very best|the most effective} {and|as well as|and also} {the worst|the most awful} of AI. 

{One of|Among} those is that much of AI {{serves|offers} as|functions as|works as|acts as} a mirror. 

“{Mirroring|Matching} is the {metaphor|allegory} I {like|such as} {the {best|finest|ideal}|the very best|the most effective},” Epstein {said|stated|claimed}. “It’s a mirror to {show|reveal} us {about|regarding|concerning} ourselves.”

“All these {models|designs|versions} are doing, all the generative ones, they are {just|simply} recreating the training {data|information}, it’s {an augmentation|an enhancement}, {{instead|rather} of|rather than|as opposed to} {creativity|imagination|creative thinking} with {a capital|a funding|a resources} ‘C’.” 

The {stakes|risks} {may|might} be high. If one can {understand|comprehend|recognize} the mirror, one can {focus|concentrate} {not on|out} the {myths|misconceptions}, {but|however|yet} on the human {{use|usage} of|use} the {technology|innovation|modern technology}. To {give|provide|offer} {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} where {credit|credit rating|credit scores|credit history|credit report|credit score|debt} {is due|schedules} {is {important|essential|crucial|vital}|is essential|is very important|is necessary}, {but|however|yet} {also|likewise|additionally} to hold {{individuals|people} {and|as well as|and also} {institutions|organizations|establishments}|{institutions|organizations|establishments} {and|as well as|and also} {individuals|people}} to account. 

“It{‘s {important|essential|crucial|vital}| is essential| is very important| is necessary} to be {really|truly|actually} {{aware|conscious|mindful} of|familiar with|knowledgeable about} {how|exactly how|just how} these {narratives|stories} are not neutral, {and|as well as|and also} {how|exactly how|just how} they {serve|offer} to {remove|eliminate|get rid of} {personal|individual} {responsibility|obligation|duty} from the {producers|manufacturers} of these {machines|devices|makers|equipments}, that’s what{‘s at| goes to} {stake|risk},” Epstein {said|stated|claimed}, {referring to|describing} the {narrative|story} of an agent-like entity.

“Having {more|much more|a lot more|extra} {nuance|subtlety} in the {way|method|means} we {{talk|speak|chat} {about|regarding|concerning}|discuss|speak about} AI would {really|truly|actually} {keep|maintain} these {people|individuals} {{responsible|accountable|liable} for|in charge of} what they’re doing, {and|as well as|and also} {create|produce|develop} public {pressure|stress} to {account for|represent|make up} the {unanticipated|unexpected|unforeseen} {consequences|repercussions|effects} of these {machines|devices|makers|equipments}.”